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nicewitch Draconis Combine Shujin
Joined: 20121029 14:24 Posts: 125 Location: United States

Posted: 20121222 20:27 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


I was permanently banned from the physics forums for posting this idea. Ok, here's what I've been thinking take two magnets each shaped like an arc and connect one north pole to one south pole and connect one south pole to one north pole. Now use four of these dual arc magnets so that the two inner dual arc magnets repel each other and get repelled back to their starting points by two outer dual arc magnets and that process repeats infinitely while turning horseshoe magnets inside coils of wire to generate electricity infiinitely.
NS____SN___NS___SN
(**)____(**)___(**)___(**)
SN____NS___SN___NS
_____________
______NS____SN
______coil____coil
www.stardrivedevice.com/overunity2.html
In this section, we'll concentrate on deriving some essential formulas which properly govern and define the basic operating characteristics of both the Faraday disk dynamo and its unipolar generator variant (i.e., voltage, power, input torque, etc.). From these simple equations, we will be able to develop some further sound engineering guidelines and appropriate design firstprinciples.
Voltage: While many texts will show calculus used to determine the accepted generalized formula for induced voltage in the disk machines, this relation is much easier to derive by simple algebraic means from Faraday's own general rule of induction. top of page
[a] To wit, the magnitude of the terminal voltage induced in a conductor depends on three factors: (i) the flux density of the applied field; (ii) the length of the conductor immersed in the field; and (iii) the velocity at which the conductor moves through the field. Taking the simple product of all three factors yields the equation E = B l v , where E is in volts, B is the flux density in tesla (or webers/m2 ), length l is in meters, and v is the velocity in m/sec.
[b] In a general sense, we may let length l = r , where r is simply the full annular width of the rotor (in meters). Then, we can let the average angular speed of rotation v = (2ð r f) / 2 , or v = ð r f , where f is the rotor's frequency of rotation in revolutions per second.
[c] Therefore, E = output voltage Vo = B r (ð r f) . And thus, nonrigorously, Vo = ð r2 f B .
[d] In reality, we must let the length l = Ra , where Ra is the radial width of the rotor's net working flux gap area (in meters). Also, we'll let the average angular speed of rotation v = 2ð r f , where r now specifies the mean radius of the flux gap area as measured from the rotor's axis, and f is the rotor's frequency of rotation (in rps).
[e] Then, Vo = B Ra (2ð r f ) ; and, merely rearranging terms, Vo = 2ðr Ra f B . This formula will now yield the necessary accuracy of voltage calculation, since that portion of the rotor disk which is actually immersed in the field is properly indexed to asspecified dimensions for the field pieces.
It is important to point out that Vo as figured by the formula just derived can actually be treated as both an openterminal and fullload value. It can be shown theoretically, and has been experimentally verified, that a disk dynamo or generator's rotor charge will be distributed in such a way that its output voltage is quite constant regardless of the load current drawn, and these machines therefore behave as if they were a regulated voltage source! top of page
Resistance: Having developed the relative radial planardimensional relationships for the disk devices, so that we can properly project operating voltage, it then becomes necessary to address the issues of volume resistivity and internal rotor circuit resistance if we wish to correctly figure the output current I (according to V = I R ) and power P (according to P = V I ) for any given size machine. No other aspect of system design is more crucial to optimizing output or more responsible for unrealistic projections of system performance.
It's easy to see that openterminal resistance of a disk dynamo or generator has only one seemingly major component: the resistance of at least one pair of brushes. In virtually all cases, the resistance of the rotor disk itself is and should be entirely negligible, generally being measured in only the singledigit microohms. And, it's true, proper brush design and material selection will probably "make or break" the system's COP in most cases. However, in addition to brushandrotor resistance there's another type of resistive loss that is sometimes not accounted for in design reckoning: that of the microscopicallythin field discharge contact zone between each brush and the rotor! This is actually the primary resistance in all Faraday disk machines; it's largely responsible for brush heating, and can be as much as 3 orders of magnitude larger than the actual brush resistance.
It is essential in this technology to use the highest quality brushes, having very high conductivity and a low coefficient of friction (k). For silvergraphite brushes running on silver slip rings or plated surfaces, static k is ~0.3 and dynamic k is ~ 0.2. Each brush's contact interface resistance in such case should not exceed 0.005 ohm initially and should decrease to an average of Rz = ~ 0.003 ohm after extended openterminal runin.
[a] The most convenient formula for volumetric resistance is: R = ñ L / A , where R is resistance in ohms; ñ is the volume resistivity in ohmcm; L is the length in the current direction, in cm; and A is the current's crosssectional area in cm2. Appropriate use of this formula to figure brush and rotor resistances will be illustrated in the Analysis sections below. preceding subsection top of page
Output Power: In most cases, voltage can be thought of as the primary component of electrical power, as seen in the relation given earlier above. Thus, to maximize the output power Po of a disk dynamo or generator, we absolutely must maximize the unavoidably tiny voltage it produces. Not considering the required input power (and torque) for the moment, it can easily be seen in the formula derived for output voltage (Vo) that the most effective way to do this is simply to increase the rotor radius – since a major measure of its radial width is factored in twice.
At some point, however, the product of increasing rotor size and speed will result in an unacceptably high value for brush speed, and so the maximum OEM ft./min. rating of the brush material selected will define an upper limit for the device's output voltage and its rotating inertia. Of course, the flux density B (as the final determining factor) can be maximized to the extent permitted by the cost and availability of specialized magnetic materials which have their own concrete natural fieldstrength limits.
[a] From the two formulas for power P given earlier above, it follows that P = V (V / R) = V2/ R . Therefore, by substitution, the fullload output power Po = (2ðr Ra f B)2/ R . Of course, if output current Io has previously been calculated (since I = V / R), Po is also conveniently equal to Io2R . In principle, however, output power should only be based on the calculated or measured value for Vo using P = VI , due to the device's constant voltage characteristic (as discussed above).
It should be noted that metallic neodymium iron boron magnets are now available with flux densities approaching 1.42 tesla (or 14,200 gauss) This is the world's most powerful permanent magnet material. On the other hand, the strongest nonconductive magnets generally available in large sizes are made of sintered Ferrite 5 (BaO6Fe2O3), a ceramic material with flux density of 0.38 tesla (3,800 gauss).
preceding subsection top of page
Input Torque & Power: Before we derive a generic formula for noload mechanical input power (in watts) that is strictly a function of a device's rotating inertia and variable starting time, it is important to realize that power P more fundamentally must reflect the brush and load input torque T required, according to Pi = 2ð f Ti , and that torque is rotational force applied at a given distance from a central axis of rotation. Torque may be expressed in newtonmeters (Nm) when the power is in watts. In the Analysis sections below, a handy formula is provided for figuring applied induction motor torque in footpounds (ft.lb.) and rpm, in which case input power will be in units of horsepower (Hp) [where 1 Hp = 746 watts].
In the induction dynamo, the primary load is the 'normal' generator backtorque Ta, whose magnitude can be simply computed (by virtue of Lenz's law) from the traditional equation for the "force on a current element in a magnetic field": F = B I L , where for present purposes I is equal to Io (or the load current) and as before L = Ra , where Ra is the radial width of the flux gap area. The fullload backtorque due to induction may then be found by using r once again to specify the mean radius of the flux gap area in the standard relation for torque: Ta = F r , where F will be a negative (retarding) value in Nm. [It is important to note that: 1 Nm = 0.7376 ft.lb. = 8.851 in.lb.]
In an ideal disk generator, the primary load is just the dynamic friction of the brushes, although an OEMprovided value for static ('starting') coefficient of friction must be considered. Of course, this will be a substantial source of retarding torque and secondary load in any practical disk induction machine. Recommended values for spring pressure vs. material will allow the total brush 'drag' to be accurately computed. The negative brush(es) will contact the rotor disk's outer edge in the design analyses we'll study below, so the full 'nominal' rotor radius Ro will be used to figure outer brush speed and resultant countertorque. For simplicity, we'll consider the positive brush(es) as running directly on a conductive rotor shaft (as shown in the drawings above). The net forward force required to keep the brushes from decelerating the rotor is: F = p k A , where F is in pounds, p is spring pressure in psi, k = coeffic. of friction, and A = total contact area in square inches. [OEMsuggested minimum spring pressure for silvergraphite brushes is 4 psi.]
[a] Noload mechanical power to the rotor assembly is equal to the kinetic energy stored therein at a given constant operating speed divided by the elapsed time needed to achieve that speed: So, Pr = Ek / t . Ek is in turn equal to half the product of the rotor's moment of inertia (I) and the square of its final "run" angular velocity (ù, in radians/sec), where ù = 2ðf : Pr = [(½mRo2)(4ð2f 2/ 2)] / t . And thus, Pr = mð2R2f 2 / ts , where Pr is in watts, m is mass in kg, R in this case is the 'equivalent annular inertial radius' [(A/ð)1/2] of the disk* (as figured below), and ts is "start" time in seconds.
* [It is acceptable in this case to ignore the trivial inertial moments of the shaft and two disk mounting flanges.]
Finally, once we have verified a prospective drive motor's fullload torque capability, we will use the simple power formula ts = ùI / T to see if start time ts is acceptable for the type of motor selected. It may be of interest and value for students to know the provenance of this formula, which is derived as follows: ù = a t , where ù = 2ðf (with f in rps), a = avg. angular acceleration, and t is the elapsed (or starting) time in seconds; and T = I a , where T = avg. torque, and I is the moment of inertia. And thus, t = ù / a = ù / (T / I), whereby ts = ù I / T .
[Last edited by nicewitch on 20121223 14:44; edited 3 times in total]


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Vagabond Mercenary Mr. Referee
Joined: 20020203 23:00 Posts: 5124 Location: United States

Posted: 20121223 09:01 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


Have you built one of these yet? _________________ one must work hard to cultivate the mind and body. and one must always cultivate the mind.
//^(^_^)^\\


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nicewitch Draconis Combine Shujin
Joined: 20121029 14:24 Posts: 125 Location: United States

Posted: 20121223 14:39 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


No, but I'm sure the guys at Mythbusters could. If they had this invention functioning on their show, then the scientific community would really get disproved regarding the laws of thermodynamics.


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Kraken Federated Suns Marshal
Joined: 20020203 23:00 Posts: 2708 Location: United States

Posted: 20121223 18:57 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


This link will take you to Citadel of Myths, a fansite that's as close as we're going to get to an official Mythbusters forum due to Discovery Networks eliminating their own official forums:
www.citadelofmyths.freeforums.net/index.cgi#general
If you want it tested, post it there. _________________ "I wish I could write as mysterious as a cat." Edgar Allen Poe
"I knew there was something special about you, but I never realized you were really a cat." Wolfwood to a random cat (Trigun)
shops.half.ebay.com/drasticplastic83_W0QQ


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ICER Clan Hell's Horses Galaxy Commander
Joined: 20020203 23:00 Posts: 1664 Location: United States

Posted: 20130104 08:17 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


It's actually a works great on paper, would love to see how well it works in reality. _________________


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nicewitch Draconis Combine Shujin
Joined: 20121029 14:24 Posts: 125 Location: United States

Posted: 20130406 19:11 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


I was wondering if any of you could type up engine rules for a BT version of this 10 magnets electric generator.


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Vagabond Mercenary Mr. Referee
Joined: 20020203 23:00 Posts: 5124 Location: United States

Posted: 20130407 05:24 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


why? it doesn't work. Its a negative sum energy device, as in it uses more energy than it produces. You'd need something to power it so that it keeps turning and that something would likely be more efficient to use straight... less loss through transformation of form. _________________ one must work hard to cultivate the mind and body. and one must always cultivate the mind.
//^(^_^)^\\


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nicewitch Draconis Combine Shujin
Joined: 20121029 14:24 Posts: 125 Location: United States

Posted: 20130407 08:48 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


Using the formulas in the first thread, can you provide me with an example formula that explains how this generator is a negative sum energy device? The permanent arc magnets create all the energy they need for repelling each other and for the horseshoe magnets to be turned.
Now that I've thought about it, the magnets aren't moving fast enough to generate a constant flowing supply of electricity. I suppose it could be used as a recharger.


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Vagabond Mercenary Mr. Referee
Joined: 20020203 23:00 Posts: 5124 Location: United States

Posted: 20130407 18:34 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


I am not a theoretical physicist, a physicist, or a mathematician, so I cannot show you were the math is wrong. However, I can postulate that you are not as well as if you were you would easily find the error in the above work.
I will grant that I do not completely reject the idea. I am scientist enough to grant the benefit of the doubt and consider the findings. However, I do require more data and work than you have presented here as well as a well organized report based upon that data.
The burden of proof in scientific discussions (this being mainly engineering) is on the presenter/researcher. You primary response here and in other discussions has been: here is my idea and some basic work, prove me wrong. This is opposite of proper scientific inquire.
So until you have: 1) provided cited research on the preliminary conceptual work, 2) built a prototype with detailed construction information (so your work can be replicated), 3) tested this prototype in a valid and verifiable way (preferably a video recording, unedited, of the whole process), and 4) presented your findings for peer review in a legible report. I will not try and provide further reasons as to why this according to the laws of physics, as I know them, it will not work.
The burden of proof is on you. _________________ one must work hard to cultivate the mind and body. and one must always cultivate the mind.
//^(^_^)^\\


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nicewitch Draconis Combine Shujin
Joined: 20121029 14:24 Posts: 125 Location: United States

Posted: 20130408 08:46 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


I do think this invention will generate electricity. There are real life handcranked lamps for sale and the handcranking in theory generates roughly the same amount of electricity as this design theoretically does. Hyperspace travel is theoretically possible and yet there are rules published in IO for such travel. Give the formulas in the first thread a try and you might be amazed at what you can discover.


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Vagabond Mercenary Mr. Referee
Joined: 20020203 23:00 Posts: 5124 Location: United States

Posted: 20130408 10:50 Post subject: 10 magnets electric generator perpetual motion free energy 


Burden of Proof _________________ one must work hard to cultivate the mind and body. and one must always cultivate the mind.
//^(^_^)^\\


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